How To Fix A Cracked Tooth

by Michelle Hartley  - September 23, 2023

In this article, you will discover the essential steps to effectively fix a cracked tooth. We all know how discomforting and worrisome it can be to have a cracked tooth, but fret not! By following these simple guidelines, you will gain the knowledge needed to address and resolve this dental issue efficiently. From understanding different types of cracks to exploring treatment options, this article will empower you with insightful tips to get your smile back on track. So, let’s dive into the world of cracked teeth and uncover the solutions to restore your dental health.


When you experience tooth pain or suspect that you may have a cracked tooth, it’s important to seek a diagnosis from a dental professional. They will thoroughly examine your teeth and gums, looking for signs of a cracked tooth. Some common symptoms of a cracked tooth include sharp pain when chewing or biting, sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures, and pain that comes and goes.

Symptoms of a Cracked Tooth

The symptoms can vary depending on the severity and location of the crack. You may notice a sharp pain when biting down on food, especially if the crack is deep enough to expose the underlying nerve. Sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures is also a common symptom, as the crack may cause the tooth to become more porous. Additionally, you may experience pain or discomfort when releasing your bite, as the crack may put pressure on the surrounding gums.

Types of Cracks

Cracked teeth can manifest in different ways, and it’s important to understand the different types of cracks to determine the appropriate treatment options. Some common types of cracks include:

  1. Craze lines: These are tiny cracks on the outermost layer of the tooth, known as the enamel. Craze lines are usually harmless and don’t require treatment, but if they become stained and affect your smile, cosmetic procedures may be considered.
  2. Fractured cusp: This type of crack occurs when a piece of the tooth’s chewing surface breaks off. The crack usually doesn’t extend into the root, so the primary concern is restoring the tooth’s shape and functionality.
  3. Cracked tooth: This crack extends from the chewing surface towards the root of the tooth but doesn’t fully separate the tooth. The crack can cause pain when chewing or biting and may require treatment to prevent further damage.
  4. Split tooth: A split tooth occurs when a cracked tooth is left untreated and progresses over time. It is characterized by a visible split extending from the chewing surface towards the root, resulting in a tooth that can be divided into distinct segments.
  5. Vertical root fracture: This type of crack starts at the root of the tooth and extends towards the chewing surface. Vertical root fractures are often challenging to diagnose as they may not cause noticeable symptoms right away. Treatment options will depend on the location and extent of the fracture.

Diagnostic Tests

To accurately diagnose a cracked tooth or identify the type and extent of the crack, your dentist may recommend various diagnostic tests. These tests can include:

  • X-rays: X-rays can help detect cracks that may not be visible to the naked eye, as well as any associated problems, such as a tooth infection or bone loss.
  • Transillumination: This is a technique where a light is shone through the tooth to highlight any cracks or fractures.
  • Bite test: Your dentist may ask you to bite down on a special stick or piece of material to determine if the cracked tooth causes pain or sensitivity.
  • Dye staining: A dye may be applied to the tooth to make any cracks more visible.
  • Use of a dental explorer: A dental explorer is a pointed instrument that can help identify cracks by detecting irregularities or tooth sensitivity when gently applied to the tooth’s surface.

By properly diagnosing the type and extent of the crack, your dentist can recommend the best course of action for repairing your tooth.

Temporary Solutions

While waiting for your dental appointment or while considering your treatment options, there are temporary solutions you can try to alleviate the discomfort and prevent further damage to the cracked tooth.

OTC Pain Relievers

Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can help reduce pain and inflammation associated with a cracked tooth. Always follow the recommended dosage instructions and consult with your dentist if the pain persists or worsens.

Dental Wax

If the crack in your tooth is sharp and causing irritation to your tongue or cheeks, applying dental wax over the affected area can provide temporary relief. Dental wax is easily available and can be shaped or molded to cover the crack and create a smooth surface.

Avoiding Certain Foods and Habits

To prevent further damage to the cracked tooth, it’s essential to avoid certain foods and habits that can exacerbate the issue. Foods that are hard, crunchy, or chewy, such as nuts, hard candies, or ice, should be avoided as they can further stress the cracked tooth. Additionally, habits like biting your nails or using your teeth to open packages should be refrained from, as they can increase the risk of the crack worsening.

Professional Treatment Options

While temporary solutions can provide relief, it is crucial to seek professional dental treatment to address the underlying issue and prevent further damage to the cracked tooth. The appropriate treatment option will depend on the severity, location, and type of crack.

Dental Bonding

Dental bonding is an effective treatment for minor cracks or chips in the tooth. During the procedure, your dentist will apply a tooth-colored resin material to the cracked area and shape it to restore the tooth’s appearance and function. Bonding is a relatively quick and painless procedure, providing immediate results.

Dental Veneers

Veneers are thin shells made from porcelain or composite resin that are custom-made to fit over the front surface of your teeth. They are an excellent option for addressing cracks that are primarily cosmetic and do not extend through the entire tooth. Veneers can improve the appearance of cracked teeth, giving them a natural and uniform appearance.

Dental Crowns

Dental crowns are often used for more severe cracks that have compromised the integrity of the tooth. A crown is a tooth-shaped cap that is placed over the damaged tooth to provide strength and protection. The existing tooth is reshaped to accommodate the crown, which is then bonded in place. Crowns are durable and can restore both the functionality and aesthetics of a cracked tooth.

Root Canal Therapy

If the crack extends into the pulp of the tooth, root canal therapy may be necessary to save the tooth. During the procedure, the infected or damaged pulp is removed, and the root canals are cleaned and sealed. A crown is typically placed over the treated tooth to strengthen it. Root canal therapy can alleviate pain and prevent the need for extraction.

Extraction and Replacement Options

In some cases, a cracked tooth may be beyond repair and need to be extracted. After extraction, there are various replacement options available, such as dental implants, bridges, or dentures. Your dentist will guide you in choosing the most suitable option based on your specific needs and oral health.

Preventing Further Damage

To ensure the long-term health and integrity of your teeth, it’s important to take preventive measures to avoid further damage, especially if you have already experienced a cracked tooth.

Good Oral Hygiene Practices

Maintaining proper oral hygiene is crucial in preventing dental issues, including cracks in the teeth. Brush your teeth twice a day with a soft-bristle toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste, and floss daily to remove plaque and debris from between your teeth. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings will also help identify any potential problems early on.

Wearing a Mouthguard

If you participate in activities that pose a risk of dental injuries, such as contact sports or certain recreational activities, consider wearing a mouthguard. A custom-fitted mouthguard provided by your dentist offers optimal protection and can prevent cracks and fractures during impact.

Avoiding Hard Foods and Habits

To reduce the risk of cracking your teeth, avoid biting down on hard objects like ice, popcorn kernels, or pen caps. Also, refrain from using your teeth as tools to open bottles or packages, as this can put excessive stress on your teeth and increase the likelihood of developing cracks.

Home Remedies

While home remedies are not a substitute for professional dental care, they can help alleviate discomfort associated with a cracked tooth before you can see your dentist.

Saltwater Rinse

Rinsing your mouth with warm saltwater can help reduce inflammation and provide temporary relief from pain. Dissolve half a teaspoon of salt in eight ounces of warm water and swish it around in your mouth for about 30 seconds before spitting it out. Repeat this a few times a day or as needed.

Cold Compress

Applying a cold compress to the affected area can help minimize swelling and numb the area, providing temporary relief. Wrap a bag of ice or a cold pack in a thin cloth and apply it to the outside of your cheek near the cracked tooth for about 15 minutes at a time.

Clove Oil

Clove oil has natural analgesic properties and can help alleviate tooth pain. Soak a cotton ball in clove oil and gently apply it to the cracked tooth for temporary relief. Avoid using undiluted clove oil directly on your gums or other oral tissues as it may cause irritation.

Peppermint Tea Bags

Peppermint tea bags can be used as a compress to help numb the area and reduce pain. Steep a tea bag in hot water for a few minutes, then allow it to cool. Apply the cooled tea bag to the cracked tooth and hold it there for several minutes. The peppermint can provide a soothing effect.

Emergency Situations

Certain situations related to a cracked tooth may require immediate attention. If you experience any of the following emergencies, seek dental care promptly.

Severe Pain

If you are experiencing severe or persistent pain from a cracked tooth, it is essential to get in touch with your dentist as soon as possible. Severe pain can indicate that the crack has reached the nerve or that there is an infection that needs immediate treatment.


If your cracked tooth is causing bleeding from the gums or mouth, it is important to address the issue promptly. Apply gentle pressure to the affected area with a clean cloth or gauze to control the bleeding and contact your dentist for further guidance.

Loose or Dislodged Tooth

If your cracked tooth becomes loose or dislodged, it is crucial to seek immediate dental care. Do not attempt to force the tooth back into place, as this may cause further damage. Preserve the tooth by keeping it moist in saliva, milk, or a tooth preservation kit, and bring it with you to the dental appointment.

Cost of Treatment

The cost of treating a cracked tooth can vary depending on factors such as the severity of the crack, the chosen treatment option, your location, and the dentist’s expertise. It is essential to consult with your dentist to get an accurate estimate of the cost.

Factors Influencing Cost

  • Type and severity of the crack: The complexity of the crack and the required treatment will affect the cost.
  • Treatment option: Different treatment options have varying costs, with more extensive procedures generally being more expensive.
  • Dental insurance: The coverage provided by your dental insurance will impact the out-of-pocket costs.

Insurance Coverage

Some dental insurance plans may cover a portion of the treatment cost for a cracked tooth, especially if it is deemed necessary for your oral health. It is advisable to contact your insurance provider and inquire about the coverage details to better understand what expenses you may be responsible for.

Payment Options

Dental offices often provide various payment options to make the cost of treatment more manageable. These can include payment plans, financing options, or accepting major credit cards. Discuss the available payment options with your dentist and choose the one that best fits your budget and needs.

Recovery and Aftercare

After receiving treatment for your cracked tooth, proper recovery and aftercare are crucial to prevent complications and ensure optimal healing.

Post-Treatment Instructions

Your dentist will provide specific post-treatment instructions to follow. These may include avoiding certain foods or behaviors, taking prescribed medication as directed, and maintaining good oral hygiene practices. Be sure to follow your dentist’s instructions closely to facilitate a smooth recovery.

Medication and Pain Management

Your dentist may prescribe pain medication or recommend over-the-counter pain relievers to manage any discomfort during the healing process. If prescribed antibiotics, ensure you complete the full course to prevent or treat any potential infections.

Follow-up Appointments

Follow-up appointments are essential to monitor the progress of your healing and make any necessary adjustments. Your dentist will schedule these appointments to assess the treated tooth, ensure proper healing, and address any concerns or complications that may arise.

Complications and Risks

While the majority of cracked teeth can be successfully treated, there are potential complications and risks associated with the condition and its treatment.


If a cracked tooth is left untreated, it may become susceptible to bacterial infection. This can lead to pain, swelling, dental abscesses, and, in severe cases, may require more extensive treatment, such as root canal therapy or tooth extraction.

Nerve Damage

In some cases, a cracked tooth can cause damage to the dental pulp or nerves inside the tooth. This may result in heightened sensitivity, pain, or the need for root canal therapy to save the tooth.

Transitional Sensitivity

After treatment for a cracked tooth, you may experience temporary sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures, pressure, or biting. This sensitivity should subside as the tooth heals. If the sensitivity persists or worsens, consult your dentist.

Allergic Reactions

In rare cases, individuals may have an allergic reaction to certain dental materials used during treatment, such as bonding materials or crowns. If you experience any signs of an allergic reaction, such as swelling, difficulty breathing, or rash, seek immediate dental attention.

Importance of Timely Treatment

Timely treatment for a cracked tooth is crucial to prevent further damage, preserve natural tooth structure, and avoid complications. Ignoring a cracked tooth can lead to more severe problems down the line.

Preventing Further Damage

A cracked tooth can worsen over time if it is not treated promptly. The crack can deepen and extend, making it more challenging to repair and increasing the risk of infection.

Preserving Natural Tooth Structure

Treating a cracked tooth early can often preserve more of the natural tooth structure, reducing the need for extensive treatments like extraction and replacing the tooth with a prosthetic.

Avoiding Complications

By addressing a cracked tooth promptly, you can prevent potential complications such as infections, nerve damage, and the need for more invasive and expensive treatments. Early intervention is key to maintaining optimal dental health.

In conclusion, if you suspect you have a cracked tooth, it is essential to seek professional dental care to properly diagnose and treat the issue. From temporary solutions to professional treatment options, there are various avenues available to restore your tooth’s health and functionality. By following preventive measures, utilizing home remedies for temporary relief, and seeking timely treatment, you can prevent further damage and preserve your natural tooth structure. Remember that your dental professional is your best resource for guidance and information on how to fix a cracked tooth.

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Michelle Hartley

I write about everything concerning teeth, your go-to resource for all things dental! My passion lies in imparting important knowledge and insights regarding oral health, dental care, and everything connected to teeth. I've blended my proficiency and enthusiasm to craft a platform committed to educating and inspiring readers. Whether you're on the hunt for advice to keep your smile healthy, want to discover the most recent dental treatments, or just have a curiosity about dental hygiene, this is the perfect place for you.

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