How To Treat A Cracked Tooth

by Michelle Hartley  - September 27, 2023

Imagine this scenario: you’re biting into a delicious apple, only to suddenly feel a sharp pain shoot through your mouth. Surprised, you inspect your teeth and discover a crack on one of them. Don’t panic! In this article, we will guide you through the process of treating a cracked tooth, helping you understand the different treatment options available and offering tips for managing the pain. Whether it’s a minor crack or a more severe one, we’ve got you covered. So, let’s get started on the journey towards a healthy, pain-free smile.

Diagnosing a Cracked Tooth

A cracked tooth can be a painful and worrisome dental issue. Whether it’s caused by trauma, biting into a hard object, or even grinding your teeth, it’s important to diagnose and address the problem promptly. By understanding the different types of cracked teeth and identifying the symptoms, you can take the necessary steps to treat your cracked tooth effectively.

Types of Cracked Teeth

Cracked teeth can range from minor cracks that only affect the outer enamel to more severe cracks that extend into the deeper layers of the tooth. Understanding the types of cracked teeth can help you determine the appropriate treatment. Some common types of cracked teeth include:

  • Craze lines: These are superficial cracks that only affect the outer enamel of the tooth. They are common and usually don’t cause any pain or require treatment.
  • Fractured cusp: This occurs when a piece of the tooth’s chewing surface breaks off. It may not cause much pain, but the tooth’s integrity is compromised and may require treatment.
  • Cracked tooth: This type of crack extends from the chewing surface of the tooth to the root. It can be painful and may become more severe if left untreated.
  • Split tooth: When a cracked tooth is left untreated, it can progress into a split tooth, where the tooth separates into two distinct segments. This usually requires extraction.
  • Vertical root fracture: These cracks start at the root and extend upward toward the chewing surface of the tooth. They are often asymptomatic until they cause an infection.

Identifying the Symptoms

Identifying the symptoms of a cracked tooth can help determine the appropriate treatment and prevent further damage. Some common symptoms of a cracked tooth include:

  • Pain or discomfort while biting or chewing, especially when releasing the bite.
  • Sensitivity to hot or cold foods and beverages.
  • Swelling of the gums around the affected tooth.
  • Persistent or intermittent pain unrelated to eating or drinking.
  • Difficulty in pinpointing the exact location of the pain.
  • Visible crack or damage to the tooth.

If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s important to seek dental attention to prevent the crack from worsening or causing further complications.

Immediate Steps to Take

When you suspect you have a cracked tooth, there are a few immediate steps you can take to manage the situation before seeking professional treatment.

Evaluating the Severity

First and foremost, try to evaluate the severity of your cracked tooth. While some cracks may be superficial and not cause much pain, others can be more severe and require immediate attention. If the pain is severe, persistent, or if there is swelling, it’s best to seek professional help right away.

Rinsing Your Mouth

After evaluating the severity, rinse your mouth with warm water to remove any food particles or debris that might be trapped around the cracked tooth. This will help keep the area clean and prevent infection.

Applying Cold Compress

If you’re experiencing swelling or pain, applying a cold compress to the affected area can help reduce inflammation and numb the area temporarily. Use a clean cloth or ice pack and apply it gently for about 10 minutes at a time.

Managing Pain

Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help manage the discomfort associated with a cracked tooth. Follow the instructions on the packaging and consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have any underlying medical conditions or are taking other medications.

Temporary At-Home Remedies

While immediate steps can provide temporary relief, it’s important to seek professional treatment for a long-term solution. However, there are a few at-home remedies you can try to alleviate symptoms before seeing a dentist.

Over-the-Counter Pain Relievers

Continue taking over-the-counter pain relievers as recommended by your doctor or pharmacist. This can help manage the pain and discomfort associated with a cracked tooth while waiting for an appointment with a dental professional.

Avoiding Chewing on the Affected Side

To prevent further damage and alleviate pain, avoid chewing on the side of the mouth where the cracked tooth is located. Opt for softer foods and take smaller bites to reduce stress on the tooth.

Using Dental Wax

If your cracked tooth has sharp edges that are causing irritation or discomfort to your tongue or cheeks, you can use dental wax to create a temporary barrier. Apply a small amount of dental wax to the affected area to smooth out the surface and prevent further irritation.

Applying Saltwater Rinse

Rinsing your mouth with warm saltwater can help reduce swelling and alleviate discomfort. Mix half a teaspoon of salt with eight ounces of warm water and swish the solution around your mouth for about 30 seconds before spitting it out. Repeat this several times a day as needed.

Seeking Professional Treatment

While temporary remedies can provide relief, it’s crucial to seek professional treatment for a cracked tooth. A dental professional can properly diagnose and evaluate the damage, enabling them to determine the most appropriate treatment for your specific case.

Making an Appointment with a Dentist

Contact a dental professional to schedule an appointment as soon as possible. Inform the receptionist about your cracked tooth and any symptoms you may be experiencing. They will guide you on the next steps and schedule an appointment with the dentist.

Diagnosing and Evaluating the Damage

During your dental appointment, the dentist will assess the crack in your tooth, its location, and the extent of the damage. They may use various diagnostic tools such as X-rays to get a better understanding of the situation.

Determining the Appropriate Treatment

Based on the diagnosis, the dentist will recommend the most suitable course of treatment for your cracked tooth. The treatment plan will depend on factors such as the severity of the crack, the extent of the damage, and the overall health of your tooth.


One common treatment option for a cracked tooth is dental bonding. This procedure involves applying a tooth-colored resin to the cracked tooth to restore its appearance and function.

Exploring Dental Bonding

Dental bonding is a relatively simple and cost-effective treatment for minor cracks and chips. The dentist will roughen the surface of the tooth, apply an adhesive material, and then mold and shape the resin to match the natural contours of your tooth. This procedure can usually be completed in one visit.

Procedure of Dental Bonding

During the dental bonding procedure, the dentist will first clean and prepare the cracked tooth. They will then apply a conditioning liquid to the tooth to help the bonding material adhere properly. The tooth-colored composite resin will be applied to the crack, molded into the desired shape, and then hardened using a special light. Finally, the dentist will trim, shape, and polish the bonded tooth to ensure a comfortable fit and natural appearance.

Dental Crowns

In cases where a cracked tooth is more severe or the damage extends to the chewing surface, a dental crown may be the recommended treatment. A dental crown is a cap that covers the entire tooth, providing protection and restoring its strength and functionality.

About Dental Crowns

A dental crown is typically made from materials such as porcelain, ceramic, or metal alloy. It is custom-made to match the shape, size, and color of your natural teeth. The crown is placed over the cracked tooth to strengthen it and prevent further damage.

Procedure of Placing Dental Crowns

Placing a dental crown usually requires two dental visits. During the first visit, the dentist will prepare the cracked tooth by removing any damaged or decayed areas and reshaping it to accommodate the crown. An impression of the tooth will be taken to create a custom crown. In the meantime, a temporary crown will be placed to protect the tooth. During the second visit, the temporary crown will be removed, and the permanent crown will be cemented in place after ensuring the proper fit and appearance.


For minor cracks that are primarily cosmetic in nature, dental veneers can be an effective treatment option. Veneers are thin shells made from porcelain or composite resin that are bonded to the front surface of the tooth, providing a natural-looking and durable solution.

Introduction to Dental Veneers

Dental veneers are a popular cosmetic dental procedure that can enhance the appearance of cracked teeth. They are custom-made to match the color, shape, and size of your natural teeth, creating a seamless smile.

Procedure of Placing Dental Veneers

Placing dental veneers typically requires two dental visits. During the first visit, the dentist will prepare the cracked tooth by removing a small amount of enamel to accommodate the veneer. An impression of the tooth will be taken to create a custom veneer. In the meantime, a temporary veneer may be placed. During the second visit, the temporary veneer will be removed, and the permanent veneer will be bonded to the tooth using a special adhesive. The dentist will then ensure the proper fit and appearance before polishing the veneer for a natural, aesthetic result.

Root Canal

In cases where the crack extends into the root of the tooth, a root canal treatment may be necessary. This procedure involves removing the damaged pulp, cleaning the root canal, and sealing it to prevent further infection or damage.

Understanding Root Canal Treatment

A root canal is performed when a crack in the tooth reaches the pulp, which contains nerves and blood vessels. If left untreated, this can lead to infection or abscess formation. A root canal treatment aims to save the tooth while eliminating the infection and preserving its function.

Procedure of Root Canal Treatment

During a root canal treatment, the dentist will administer local anesthesia to numb the area. They will then create an access hole in the tooth to remove the damaged pulp. The root canal will be cleaned and shaped using specialized tools to remove any infection or debris. Once the root canal is thoroughly cleaned, it will be filled with a biocompatible material called gutta-percha and sealed to prevent reinfection. Finally, a dental crown or filling may be placed on the tooth to restore its appearance and strength.


In some cases, a cracked tooth may be beyond repair and extraction may be the only viable treatment option. While it may sound alarming, tooth extraction is a common dental procedure that can eliminate pain and prevent further complications.

When Extraction is Necessary

Tooth extraction is usually the last resort when other treatments cannot save a severely cracked tooth. Extraction may be necessary in the following situations:

  • The crack extends below the gum line, making it impossible to save the tooth.
  • The crack has caused extensive damage to the tooth structure.
  • The crack has resulted in severe pain and infection that cannot be controlled with other treatments.

Procedure of Tooth Extraction

During a tooth extraction, the dentist will administer local anesthesia to numb the area. If the tooth is impacted or difficult to remove, they may require additional sedation options. The tooth will be carefully loosened from its socket using forceps or a dental elevator. Once the tooth is removed, the site will be thoroughly cleaned, and the dentist may provide instructions for post-extraction care and discuss tooth replacement options if necessary.

Preventing Future Cracks

While treating a cracked tooth is essential, taking preventive measures can help avoid future occurrences. Practicing good oral hygiene, being mindful of what you chew on, and using mouthguards can significantly reduce the risk of cracked teeth.

Practicing Good Oral Hygiene

Maintaining a regular oral hygiene routine is essential for preventing tooth decay and gum disease, which can weaken the teeth and increase the risk of cracks. Brush your teeth at least twice a day, floss daily, and visit your dentist regularly for cleanings and check-ups.

Avoiding Chewing on Hard Objects

Avoid chewing on hard objects such as ice, hard candies, or unpopped popcorn kernels, as these can increase the risk of cracks and fractures. Be cautious when biting down on food or objects that may be hard or have uneven surfaces.

Using Mouthguards

If you participate in sports or grind your teeth while sleeping, using a mouthguard can provide protection to your teeth. Mouthguards act as a cushion and absorb the impact, reducing the risk of cracks or fractures caused by physical activity or teeth grinding.

In conclusion, diagnosing and treating a cracked tooth is crucial to prevent further damage and alleviate pain. By understanding the different types of cracked teeth, identifying the symptoms, and taking immediate steps, you can manage the situation effectively. Seeking professional treatment, such as dental bonding, dental crowns, veneers, root canal treatment, or extraction, will ensure long-term solutions. Remember to follow preventive measures, such as practicing good oral hygiene, avoiding chewing on hard objects, and using mouthguards, to minimize the risk of future cracks. Don’t ignore a cracked tooth – seek dental attention promptly to protect your dental health and overall well-being.

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Michelle Hartley

I write about everything concerning teeth, your go-to resource for all things dental! My passion lies in imparting important knowledge and insights regarding oral health, dental care, and everything connected to teeth. I've blended my proficiency and enthusiasm to craft a platform committed to educating and inspiring readers. Whether you're on the hunt for advice to keep your smile healthy, want to discover the most recent dental treatments, or just have a curiosity about dental hygiene, this is the perfect place for you.

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